is a Samoan home-brewed liquor.
is a light-brown real
ale from the Itchen Brewery
Faham is the leaves of
Angraecum fragrans, an
orchid found in the islands
Mauritius, and sometimes used
France as a substitute for
Fair maid is the dried European
pilchard (Clupea pilchardus).
Falafel - A middle Eastern dish composed of small,
deep-fried balls made of very spicy
ground chick-peas. Normally tucked into
pita bread or served alone as an
Farce: (French) Forcemeat or
Farina - A bland-tasting flour or meal made for cereal
grains that can be cooked to create a
hot breakfast cereal. Farina is cream
colored, rich in protein, and easy to
Farmer Cheese - This mild, slightly tangy cheese is a form of
cottage cheese from which most of the
liquid has been pressed.
Faro is a style of Belgian
beer. It is a weak
lambic sweetened with
Fathead - A saltwater fish belonging to the wrasse
family. Also called "California
sheepshead." Its meat is white, tender,
Fava Bean - This bean looks like a very large lima bean.
The pod is inedible unless the plant is
very young. Avoid pods bulging with
beans as this is an indication of age.
Also known as the "broad bean."
Feijoa - This small, egg-shaped fruit is native to
South America. It provides a very
fragrant, cream-colored flesh with a
is a Brazilian stew made with black
beans and pork or
sausage and served with
Fennel - An aromatic plant from the carrot family.
Florence fennel, also called
"finocchio," is eaten raw and in salads.
Common fennel is the plant that produces
fennel seeds. Italian (or Sicilian)
fennel features stalks that can be eaten
Fennel Seed - The seed of the common fennel plant. Available
whole or ground. Used in sweet and
savory foods, and as a flavoring agent
in many liqueurs.
Fenugreek Seed - Come from the fenugreek plant, a member of the
pea family. The seeds are pleasantly
bitter and somewhat sweet. Used in curry
powders, chutneys, spice blends, and
Feta Cheese - A rich tangy Greek cheese that is
traditionally made from sheep's or
goat's milk. Today, however, many
commercial producers are using cow's
milk. Feta is called a pickled cheese
because it is stored in its own whey
Fettuccini - Pasta noodles cut into flat narrow strips.
Field Peas - A variety of green or yellow pea that is grown
to be dried. "Split peas" are field peas
that have been dried and split along the
natural seam. Field peas normally do not
Fig - The fruit of any of approximately 700 varieties of fig
trees. Figs are a good source of iron,
calcium and phosphorus.
Filbert - This nut is also known as the "hazelnut" or
"cobnut." Used whole, chopped, and
ground in baking, candies, desserts, and
nut of the cultivated variety
Filet Mignon - An expensive and very tender cut of beef that
is taken from the small end of
Finnan Haddie - A world-famous smoked haddock from Scotland.
Finnochio - A variety of fennel that is eaten raw and in
salads. Also called "Florence fennel."
Flan - A round pastry tart that contains either a sweet (custard
or fruit) filling or a savory
(vegetable, meat, or savory custard)
filling. The pastry is cooked in a
special flan ring on a baking sheet.
Flatfish - Fish that have a flat body with both eyes
located on the upper side. Flatfish swim
"sideways" and include "flounder,"
"halibut," and "sole."
Flaxseed - The seed of the flax, a slender, erect, annual
plant that is cultivated for its fiber
and its seeds. The fiber is used to make
linen yarn. The seeds are used to make
Flounder - A fine-textured flatfish prized for its
delicate flavor. Some of the more
popular varieties include "Fab,"
"English Sole," and "Plaice."
is a copper-coloured, creamy pale
ale produced by Whitbread in
bitter with a good
hop balance, produced by
Flying Fish - This fish, a delicacy in the West Indies and
Japan, gains speed underwater then
leaves the water except for the lower
lobe of its tail. It then vigorously
beats its tail, extends its ventral fins
and can fly a 1,000 feet or more.
Fon Goot - Large bulbous root vegetable with a thin brown
skin and a white crunchy flesh with a
texture similar to water chestnut. It
has a sweet, nutty flavor and can be
eaten raw or cooked. Also called
Fondant - This is a mixture of sugar, water, and cream
of tartar cooked to the "soft-ball"
stage. This mixture is cooled, then
beaten and kneaded until pliable. Used
both as a candy and as an icing.
Fontina Cheese - An Italian cheese that is semi-soft to firm,
made from cow's milk or sheep's milk.
Ground meat or meats, mixed with
seasonings used for stuffing.
Forestièra Sauce - A French sauce containing sliced sautéed
mushrooms added to a base made from
demiglace flavored with sherry.
Fortune Cookie -
This Chinese-American invention is a
plain, griddle-baked wafer which is
wrapped around a strip of paper and
allowed to cool. The paper provides a
is a light, fruity Australian lager with
a worldwide reputation and is the beer
most drinkers abroad associate with the
is a pale-brown
bitter with a slight
citrus and sweet-malt
taste, from the Ushers
Barbados version of chicken
rice which is so popular
To separate chemically into fractions by
distillation, crystallization, etc.
is a Belgian fruit beer originally made
with raspberries, but more recently with
Frankfurter - A smoked and seasoned precooked sausage that
is also called the "hot dog," "wiener,"
and "frank." These sausages, which can
be made from beef, pork, chicken, or
turkey, are America's most popular
is a distinctive floral, aromatic, hoppy
bitter brewed in
fresh, slightly fruity
Pilsner brewed by the Freedom
brewery in Fulham,
is a pale, hoppy
bitter from the
A term that refers to a fruit with a pit
to which the flesh does not cling. The
opposite term is called "clingstone."
To subject foods to quick-freezing
followed by drying under high vacuum at
low temperature. This process helps
foods keep for long periods at normal
French Bean - Any young, green, string bean that can be
eaten whole (including the pod).
French Fries -
Raw potatoes that have been cut into
strips, soaked in water, then deep fried
until golden brown.
is a dish consisting of small pieces of
white meat in a flavoured white sauce
made from the stock in which the meat
was cooked, with the addition of
Frogfish - This large low-fat, firm-textured salt-water
fish has a mild, sweet flavor that
compares with lobster. Also called
"angler fish," "monkfish," or
Frog's Legs - The tender, faintly sweet white meat from the
hind legs of frogs. Because of their
delicate flavor, they should be cooked
briefly without too many seasonings.
Froid: (French) Cold.
Fructose - A natural byproduct of fruits and honey. More
water-soluble than glucose and sweeter
than sucrose with half the calories. Can
be used by diabetics.
A traditional winter holiday cake of
candied fruit, fruit rinds, nuts, and
spice. Fruitcakes are often soaked in
some sort of liquor or brandy.
is a pale, strong, premium
bitter from Whitbread's
Eden brewery, County
Fusilli - A spiral-shaped spaghetti noodle that ranges
from about 1.5 inches to a foot long.
Fuyu - Salted and fermented tofu (soybean curd cake).