Yakidofu - Grilled tofu (soybean curd cake).
Yam - There are over 150 species of yams grown throughout the
world. Most of "yams" sold in the U.S.,
however, are actually sweet potatoes.
Yams are higher in sugar that sweet
potatoes. Used in soups and stews,
mashed, and fried.
Yam Bean Tuber - Large bulbous root vegetable with a thin brown
skin and a white crunchy flesh with a
texture similar to water chestnut. It
has a sweet, nutty flavor and can be
eaten raw or cooked. Also called "Jicama."
Yams: Sweet potato.
Yankee Pot Roast - A "pot roast" is a piece of chuck or round cut
that is browned, then braised very
slowly in a covered pot with a little
liquid. A "Yankee pot roast" includes
vegetables that are added part way
through the cooking process.
Yardlong Bean - A pencil-thin legume from the black-eye pea
family that looks like a very long green
bean. These beans can grow a yard long,
but are usually picked at 18" or less.
These beans are slightly less sweet and
crispy as the green bean.
Yeast - A single-celled organism that breaks its food
down into alcohol and carbon dioxide in
a process known as "fermentation."
Brewers capitalize on the alcohol.
Carbon dioxide gives beer and champagne
effervescence and causes bread to rise.
Yellow Mombin - The edible fruit of a tropical American tree
that is plentiful in northeastern
Brazil. It is bright yellow, oval,
averages an inch long, and features a
soft, juicy sub-acid pulp surrounding a
large seed. Also called "hog plum."
Yellowfin Tuna - These tuna reach about 300 pounds in weight.
They feature a pale pink flesh that is
relatively mild. Also called "ahi."
Yellowtail - A large game fish (up to 100 pounds) from the
jack family with a flavor and texture
resembling tuna. May be prepared in any
manner suitable for tuna.
Yogurt - A curdled milk product made acid and thickened
by adding bacterial cultures.
Fruit-flavored yogurts account for the
biggest share of the yogurt market.
Originated accidentally by nomadic
Balkan tribes, then purposefully to
Yokan - A popular Japanese confection made from
adzuki-bean paste and agar. Adzuki beans
are small, dried, russet-colored beans
with a sweet flavor. Agar is a
thickening agent made from seaweed.
A batter made with flour, eggs, salt,
and milk that is baked with standing rib
roast (prime rib).
Youngberry - A hybrid variety of blackberry with a dark red
color and a sweet juicy flesh.
Yuca - The yuca is a root with a crisp white flesh. There are two
main categories of yuca: sweet and
bitter. Bitter yucas are toxic until
cooked. Yuca is used to make "cassreep"
and "tapioca." Also called "cassava."